Early Years Foundation Stage – Nursery
The Early Years Foundation Stage, (EYFS) curriculum is made up of 3 Prime Areas and 4 Specific Areas of learning. At Bordesley Village all our children are enabled to develop a broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good progress through school and life.
The EYFS has 4 guiding principles which shape everything we do
- A Unique Child-all child are competent learners from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.
- Positive relationships- our children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and key workers.
- Enabling Environments- Our environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning.
- Learning and Development-all children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates.
The EYFS has seven areas of learning and development
The 3 Prime Areas
Communication and language
Listening and Attention
Moving and Handling
Health and Self Care
Personal and Social Development
Self Confidence and Self Awareness
Managing Feelings and Behaviour
The 4 Specific Areas
Shape, Space and Measure
Understanding the World
People and Communities
Expressive Art and Design
Exploring using Media and Materials
Characteristics of Effective Learning
These areas are underpinned by the – these are the ways your child engages with other people and the environment and they support your child in becoming and effective and motivated learner. We endeavour to give each child the best start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their full potential and achieve future success.
Statement of Learning
It is our intention that children experience the seven areas of learning through a balance of whole class/group teaching and play based learning. This is through the children’s interests, topics, themes, continuous provision activities, and phonics. Throughout the year we have been celebrating different cultural festivals such as Christmas, Diwali and Chinese New Year. We understand the importance of parental involvement in children’s learning and therefore we have been having workshop and sending homework projects home for parents and children to complete together. Learning is carefully planned by the staff to support communication and language development; personal, social and emotional development; and physical development as well as literacy, mathematics, understanding of the world and expressive arts and design. Each of these areas of learning and development are important and interrelated. Early Years is about observing and reflecting on the children’s spontaneous play and using these observations and assessments in order to plan challenging activities that build on and extend children’s learning.
The outdoor learning is just as important as the indoors. We shall be using this outside playing and learning space in all weathers so please supply your child with a waterproof jacket (with a hood) and a pair of wellington boots. Please make sure your child’s name is clearly marked on each item. Staff plan for learning in the outdoors in the same way that they do for the indoor classroom. The outdoors offers our children opportunities such as drawing, writing, creative and imaginative play, speaking and listening, problem solving, scientific enquiry and physical activities. In fact, some things are best learnt outdoors! This includes experiencing the weather and changing seasons, growing and life cycles and physical skills (including climbing and balancing skills that are vital for developing children’s ability to hold a pencil to write).
Physical activity has countless health benefits for children! Not only does exercise improve a child’s overall health and fitness, but it can also help to improve their mental health and cognitive development. In addition to continuous provision physical activities both indoors and outdoors, we ensure our children are also participating in weekly PE lessons that not only support and develop children’s gross motor skills but also supports;
- Confidence and improves social skills
- Muscle and bone development
- Children in managing stress levels and maintain mental and emotional wellbeing
- Children’s sleep and energy levels
- Children’s overall health and fitness and helps them to maintain a healthy weight to prevent childhood obesity.
Reading in Nursery
In the Nursery we develop language skills through a variety of Speaking and Listening activities and language comprehension are taught using a variety of books. The books may be a story, poem, nursery rhyme or nonfiction. We have also introduced the Read Write Inc scheme by introducing sounds through a ‘hear it, say it, read it, write it’ approach. Resources and support for helping you with this are available online or please visit our website:
On Fridays we hold story workshops for parents and children to share a book. It is a chance for parents to spend time with their child and enjoy sharing favourite stories within nursery. We also sing ‘rhymes’ which support language development. Each week, a rhyme of the week is chosen, and the children chant or sing the rhyme at group times. Children are accessing the school library and are taking a story to read at home.
How to Support at Home
- Read and share stories as part of your daily routine. The whole experience of sharing and enjoying books is vital to developing a love of literature. Discussing the story, looking at the pictures and predicting the ending are vital skills that children need before they can read.
- Visit the local library on a regular basis. Libraries are a useful resource for developing your child’s interest in books and reading.
- Point out and discuss signs and labels at home and in the environment, this is especially powerful when looking at numbers (buses, prices etc.) and key words (mum, dad).
- Sing rhymes with your child
- Play sound games with you child, i.e. what noise does the horse make? How does our fridge/microwave sound? Or go on a listening walk around the garden/park – what can you hear?
- Talk to your child about their interests and how they feel about starting Nursery, what they enjoy doing et
Writing in Nursery
Children’s writing develops through several stages before they are ready and able to form letters that are recognisable. As we well as building up their gross motor skills, your children need to develop the fine motor control required to hold and manipulate a writing tool. They need to develop strength in their wrists, hands, and a high level of finger control. If you consider the actions you use when writing, you’ll see how important it is that you have a high level of proficiency. This skill is needed for lots of other activities too, including self-care tasks such as doing up buttons and pulling on clothes. Some of the ways we support children with these skills include;
- During snack and cooking activities we build hand and finger strength by cutting, peeling, stirring, rolling and squeezing foods.
- In the sand and water trays, we allow children to squeeze out sponges, pour liquids from one jug to another and wash up.
- We allow squashing and squishing activities that build up lots of strength in the hands – playdough, clay, pastry, gloop and so on
- We do ‘Dough Disco’
- Allow children to do up and undo buttons and zips
- Thread beads
- Use tweezers and chopsticks
- Build towers
- Play with peg boards
Parents’ Guide to EYFS
‘What to expect, when?’
An easy to use guide for parents on their child’s learning and development in the EYFS.